Oral herpes is also known as “fever blisters” or “cold sores“. The virus creating this is known as herpes simplex virus 1 (or HSV1). When you get infected with HSV-1 you would have painful blisters in your mouth, on the walls of your cheeks and even in your gum area. Canker sores are also associated with oral herpes but these canker sores develop in areas of soft palate and not on skin surfaces. You can also suffer from pain in the muscles and fever. At the initial stage you can make use of certain home remedies to reduce the cold sores. But if the remedies don’t work or if the outbreaks are more severe, you will have to see a doctor.
- The sores in your mouth and other areas you develop like small bumps.
- They would be painful and develop into small blisters later on.
- Very soon the blisters would have lesions coming out of them.
- After a few weeks the blisters would turn grey and the base would be red.
- Scabs yellow in color would be formed.
- You can have oral herpes in neck area too.
What are the different levels of infection?
- HSV enters the skin via small cracks in the skin and then replicates itself. During level 1 the infected person might have fever and sores would start to form. Most people, at this time, do not understand the fact that they are infected with HSV.
- The HSV now enters the nerve tissue in the spine area which is known as dorsal root ganglion. The virus is replicated again and becomes inactive.
- When people suffer from stress or other triggers, the HSV gets activated again.
When should you call the doctor?
When you have oral herpes you would have problems in drinking and eating. If you are not careful you can have dehydration and it is here you should consult the doctor. Some common symptoms that you would face are:
- There would be a decrease in your daily urination.
- You would feel drowsy and irritated in general.
- Your mouth would be dry also.
If a child is less than 6 weeks of age and oral sores appear, the doctor should be consulted immediately. Here the Herpes Simplex Virus 1 might enter the mouth and reach the brain of the child. If you have a weak immunity system or if you are pregnant you should immediately contact the doctor.
Treatments for the oral herpes infections
- First of all make sure that you are having enough water or other fluids in order to stay away from dehydration.
- Besides that, you can make use of ibuprofen or acetaminophen types of tablets if you have a fever or any kind of pain in the muscles.
- The doctor might ask you to apply an anesthetic, a topical one like viscous lidocaine which includes Xylocaine, dilocaine, zilactin-L or nervocaine to alleviate the pain.
- In case of infants who are under 6 weeks or the adults who have severe ailments, “I.V.” or oral medicines are given since their immune systems are not as strong as an adult.
What should you do once the outbreak is gone?
There are a number of things that you need to remember or do after you get relief from oral herpes.
- Tip #1 It is extremely important to keep your body hydrated. So, make it a habit to drink plenty of water as well as other fluids.
- Tip #2 Doctor will give certain medications to alleviate the pain. Don’t forget to take them at the proper time.
- Tip #3 Medicines should be taken so that the fever remains under your control